Allied Health Science Admission and Physiotherapy 2024
Nursing Admission 2024

Centre for Excellence- DIABETES MELLITUS

Vision & Mission

  • To create awareness on root cause for diabetes which will ultimately help to reduce the prevalence rate
  • To carry out research on diabetes with alternative medicine which will ultimately help to improve the treatment of patients with diabetes.
  • To set up centres of excellence in diabetes across Pondicherry & Tamilnadu]
  • To help individuals without diabetes to live a full and healthy life

Diabetes Mellitus
When there is a lack of insulin / insufficient insulin secretion (Type I) or cell resist to uptake glucose even in the presence of insulin (Type II) leads to “Diabetes Mellitus”. Result’s in abnormally high amount of glucose in the blood stream causing from frequent urination to premature death. During 2012 about 1.5 million deaths due to diabetes making 8th leading cause of death.

Diabetes Mellitus- Just ahead
In India numbers climbed from 11.9 million in 1980 to 69 million during 2015. Awareness and education is the key role especially in screening, control and better management for diabetes and more than 80% of population well aware about diabetes, but still India is second largest, next to China in diabetes population. By 2030, India will become the DIABETES CAPITAL of the world with estimate to have 79,441,000 cases and WHO also project that diabetes death will double between 2005 and 2030.

Prevention is better than cure
About 99% of the awareness studies and education based only on treatment aspect like symptoms, screening, management, complications etc but scanty on preventive aspects by creating knowledge and awareness on root cause for diabetes for which the people must be sensitized to change their life style. Prevention is better than cure -Diabetes prevention should be the public health priority in order to reduce death and financial burden, warrants awareness and research focused on preventive efforts rare than treatment.

Root Cause for Type 2 Diabetes

Diabetes may be inherited and has a tendency to occur in families, it may be there is an increased risk of them developing diabetes in later life.

Physiological response to stress is an activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and subsequent release of corticosterone from the adrenal cortex which stimulate a rapid access to stored energy (fat & glucose) to help the body to react faster. The cortisol facilitates a quick release of glucose from the liver into the bloodstream, and this helps to accelerate the heart rate, raise blood pressure and strengthen muscle in order to fight or flee. When the danger is over, normal people regain their normal relaxed state quickly because the normal body have the ability to secrete more insulin to restore the excess of glucose in the bloodstream back into the liver. However, human body may not cope with this process cycle, especially when stress persists for a longer period of time (chronic stress). As the excess of glucose build-up in the bloodstream, causing hyperglycemia, and thus results in Type 2 diabetes.

Overeating, stresses the endoplasmic reticulum membranous inside the cells. When the endoplasmic reticulum has more nutrients to process than it can handle, it sends an alarm signal to dampen down regulation of the insulin receptors on the cell surface. This translates to insulin resistance and to persistently high concentrations of the sugar glucose in the blood leads to type 2 diabetes.

Western diet
Rich in over-refined sugars, refined oils, highly refined & saturated fats rich omega 6 with trans forms of fatty acids, animal protein, polished grains and less plant-based fibres, low nutritional value with high glycemic food leads to unviable of essential fatty acids omega 3 of cis form, inturn cells readily take the availale Omega-6 or trans forms by which the ratio of Omega6: Omega-3 essential fatty acids ratio of 1:1 on cell member was reduced to >20: 1 reduce insulin receptor on the cell membrane, artificial ‘trans’ replacing the naturally occurring ‘cis’ form by which cell membrane showed more rigidity by reducing the fluidity and permeability for most of the substances including glucose and high glycemic index food quickly digest and absorb into the blood stream leads to shoot-up glucose in the blood stream immediately after food intake.

Less Physical activity
Physical activity is nothing but any form of movement that result in burn calories, which includes simple walking, cleaning, gardening, playing etc in our day to day life. Mechanism behind the physical activity in relevant to diabetes is that upon physical activity utilize stored glycogen found in muscle are utilized by which excess glucose in the blood stream can be stored again as glycogen in the muscle by which maintained glucose level in the blood. As muscle cell lacks glucose-6-phosphatase that stored glycogen cannot be converted into glucose to release in the blood stream as like liver. Hence stored glycogen should be utilized by the muscle cell only upon physical activity. Due to technology and modern living have removed many regular forms of physical activity for our daily actives like, walking / bicycling replaced with bike and cars, stairs replaced with elevators, washing machines replaced our cleaning cloths by hands, dishwasher replaced dishes washed by hand, lifting water from the well replaced with pump-motors, grinding flour and grains by hand mill replaced with electric Mixer Grinders, even children and adolescent were left their physical games like cricket, football, kabadi etc to online internet games in computers, tablet and smart phones of screened based recreation leads less physical activity result in type 2 diabetes.

So far through this Centre for Excellence

  • More than 10,000 school & college students get sensitized on root cause for type 2 diabetes on preventive aspect
  • Apart, more than 32,000 general healthy public get sensitized on root cause for type 2 diabetes on preventive aspect

To sensitize more than 5,00,000 students and general healthy population in Pondicherry and Tamil Nadu to sensitize the root cause for type 2 diabetes on preventive aspect to reduce the prevalence rate in future.


  • Diabetic awareness classes on preventive aspects
  • School health programmes for diabetic awareness on preventive aspects
  • Free medical camps
  • Free blood glucose estimation
  • Free insulin distribution for poor patients

  • Have regular physical activity to utilize glycogen stored in the muscles by muscle cell
  • Have healthy food rich in omega-3 fatty acids of cis forms with rich in fibre content
  • Have traditional, non-tropical vegetable oils
  • Have green leaves vegetables
  • Have Low glycemic index food (brown rice, wholegrain, carrots, cauliflower, mushrooms) for slow digestion and release of glucose in the blood slowly & steadily
  • Have food only when you feel hungry don't dump & clock your diet
  • Have whole grains and seeds